Subject: Tort

Compiled By: Rachael Mulheron – Rachael Mulheron QC is Professor of Tort Law and Civil Justice at Queen Mary University of London

Last Updated: 19 July 2022

BAILII’s OpenLaw Project supports legal education by making leading cases freely and openly available on the internet. The Tort Law list is current up to the Last Updated date above and may not include recent decisions. If the citation column does not include a hyperlink, then copyright restrictions prevent BAILII from publishing the judgment (missing cases may be available on other commercial/paywalled sites). Please send all comments, corrections or suggested revisions to openlaw@bailii.org.

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Number Case Citation Court Level Nutshell Descriptor
1 A v Hoare [2008] EWHC 1573 (QB) High Court (EWHC QB) The extension of limitation periods for assault and battery
2 A v National Blood Authority (No. 2) [2001] EWHC QB 446 High Court (EWHC QB) Interpretation of the Consumer Protection Act 1987
3 AAA v Associated Newspapers Ltd [2013] EWCA Civ 554 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) The right to privacy
4 B v Leeds Teaching Hosp NHS Trust [2004] EWHC 644 (QB);
[2005] QB 506
High Court (EWHC QB) The 'elevated primary victim' in negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury
5 AB v MOD (the Atomic Veterans case) [2012] UKSC 9;
[2013] 1 AC 78;
[2012] 2 WLR 643
Supreme Court The accrual of a cause of action in Tort
6 AB v South West Water Services Ltd [1993] QB 507 (ICLR) High Court (EWHC QB) The availability of exemplary damages
7 ABC v St George's Healthcare NHS Trust [2017] EWCA Civ 336; [2020] EWHC 455 (QB) Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Duty of care in negligence, and the genetic transmission of disease
8 Adams v Rhymney Valley DC [2000] EWCA Civ 3035 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) The application of the Bolam test to 'non-professionals'
9 Airedale NHS Trust v Bland [1993] UKHL 17 House of Lords Battery, and withholding life-saving treatment
10 Alcock v CC of South Yorkshire Police [1991] UKHL 5;
[1991] 4 All ER 907;
[1992] 1 AC 310
House of Lords Secondary victims in negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury
11 Allied Maples Group Ltd v Simmons and Simmons [1995] EWCA Civ 17 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Loss of economic opportunities in negligence
12 Armes v Nottinghamshire CC [2017] UKSC 60;
[2018] AC 355;
[2017] 3 WLR 1000
Supreme Court Non-delegable duties of care
13 Arthur JS Hall & Co v Simons [2000] UKHL 38
[2002] 1 AC 615;
[2000] 3 WLR 543
House of Lords Duties of care owed by barristers
14 Ashley v CC of Sussex Police [2008] EWHC 3151 (QB);
[2009] Po LR 12
High Court (EWHC QB) Assault and battery
15 Attia v British Gas plc [1987] EWCA Civ 8;
[1987] 3 All ER 455;
[1988] QB 304
Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury, and property damage
16 Austin v Commr of Police [2009] UKHL 5;
[2009] 1 AC 564;
[2009] 2 WLR 372;
[2009] 3 All ER 455
House of Lords False imprisonment
17 Badger v Ministry of Defence [2005] EWHC 2941 (QB);
[2006] 3 All ER 173;
(2006) 91 BMLR 1
High Court (EWHC QB) Contributory negligence
18 Bailey v Ministry of Defence [2008] EWCA Civ 883;
[2009] 1 WLR 1052;
[2008] LS Law Medical 481;
(2008) 103 BMLR 134
Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligence, causation, and material contribution to damage
19 Baker v Quantum Clothing Group Ltd [2011] UKSC 17;
[2011] 1 WLR 1003; [2011] 4 All ER 223;
[2011] ICR 523
Supreme Court Breach of statutory duty
20 Baker v TE Hopkins & Son Ltd [1959] EWCA Civ 4;
[1959] 1 WLR 966;
[1959] 3 All ER 225
Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Good Samaritans', and duty of care to rescuers
21 Baker v Willoughby [1969] UKHL 8;
[1970] AC 467
House of Lords Causation, and successive tortfeasor
22 Banca Nazionale del Lavoro SPA (BNL) v Playboy Club London Ltd [2018] EWCA Civ 2025;
[2019] LLR 90
Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligent misstatement, and negligent provision of services causing economic loss
23 Barber v Somerset [2004] UKHL 13 House of Lords Stress-at-work claimants
24 Barclays Bank plc v Various Claimants [2020] UKSC 13;
[2020] AC 973;
[2020] 2 WLR 960;
[2020] 4 All ER 19
Supreme Court Vicarious liability
25 Barker v Corus (UK) Ltd [2006] UKHL 20;
[2006] 2 AC 572;
[2006] 2 WLR 1027;
[2006] 3 All ER 785
House of Lords Causation, and a material contribution to risk
26 Barnett v Chelsea and Kensington HMC [1969] 1 QB 428 (ICLR);
[1968] 1 All ER 1068
High Court (EWHC QB) Proof of a causal link in negligence
27 Barr v Biffa Waste Services Ltd [2012] EWCA Civ 312 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Private nuisance
28 Barrett v Enfield BC [1999] UKHL 25 House of Lords Public authority duty of care towards children (social welfare services)
29 Beesley v New Century Group Ltd [2008] EWHC 3033 (QB) High Court (EWHC QB) Assessments under the Fatal Accidents Act 1976
30 Berezovsky v Abramovich [2011] EWCA Civ 153 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Intimidation
31 Berkoff v Burchill [1996] EWCA Civ 564 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Identifying defamatory imputations
32 Bici v Ministry of Defence [2004] EWHC 786 (QB) High Court (EWHC QB) Interplay between battery and negligence
33 Bishara v Sheffield Teaching Hospital NHS Trust [2007] EWCA Civ 353 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Liability of alleged 'bad Samaritans' in negligence
34 Blyth v Birmingham Waterworks Co [1856] EWHC Exch J65;
156 ER 1047
High Court (EWHC Exch) Defining breach in negligence
35 Bolam v Friern Hospital Management Committee [1957] 1 WLR 582 (ICLR) High Court (EWHC QB) Proving breach in professional negligence
36 Bolitho v City and Hackney HA [1997] UKHL 46 House of Lords Testing the rationality and logic of Bolam evidence
37 Bolton v Stone [1951] UKHL 2;
[1951] AC 850
House of Lords Assessing reasonable precautionary steps in negligence
38 Bonnington Castings Ltd v Wardlaw [1956] UKHL 1;
[1956] AC 613
House of Lords Causation, and material contribution to damage
39 Bourhill (or Hay) v Young [1942] UKHL 5;
[1943] AC 92
House of Lords Negligent infliction of psychiatric injury (secondary victims)
40 Bournewood Mental Health NHS Trust, ex parte L [1998] UKHL 24;
[1999] 1 AC 458;
[1998] 3 WLR 107;
[1998] 3 All ER 289
House of Lords False imprisonment and medical treatment
41 Breslin v McKenna [2011] NICA 33 Court of Appeal (NICA) Battery
42 British Chiropractic Association v Singh [2010] EWCA Civ 350;
[2011] 1 WLR 133
Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Defamation, and the (previous) defence of fair comment
43 Brooks v Metropolitan Police Commr [2005] UKHL 24 House of Lords Negligence, and duty of care (police)
44 Cambridge Water Co v Eastern Counties Leather plc [1993] UKHL 12;
[1994] 2 AC 264
House of Lords Private nuisance; and the rule in Rylands v Fletcher
45 Campbell v MGN Ltd [2004] UKHL 22;
[2004] 2 AC 457;
[2004] 2 WLR 1232;
[2004] 2 All ER 995
House of Lords Privacy; and the misuse of private information
46 Caparo Industries plc v Dickman [1990] UKHL 2;
[1990] 2 AC 605;
[1990] 1 All ER 568
House of Lords Negligent misstatement, and duty of care
47 Capital and Counties plc v Hampshire CC [1997] EWCA Civ 3091 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Public authority liability (the fire brigade)
48 Carmarthenshire CC v Lewis [1955] UKHL 2;
[1955] 1 All ER 565;
[1955] AC 549
House of Lords Duty of care in negligence (injuries caused by third parties)
49 Cartledge v E Jopling & Sons Ltd [1963] AC 758;
[1963] 2 WLR 210;
[1963] 1 All ER 341
House of Lords De minimis damage in negligence
50 Cassidy v Daily Mirror Newspapers [1929] 2 KB 331 (ICLR) High Court (EWHC KB) Defamation, and a true (legal) innuendo
51 Cassidy v Ministry of Health  [1951] 2 KB 343 (ICLR) High Court (EWHC KB) The doctrine of res ipsa loquitur in medical negligence
52 Catholic Child Welfare Society v Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools (Child Welfare Society) [2012] UKSC 56;
[2013] 2 AC 1;
[2012] 3 WLR 1319;
[2013] 1 All ER 670
Supreme Court Vicarious liability
53 Cattle v Stockton Waterworks Co [1875] LR 10 QB 453 (ICLR) High Court (EWHC QB) The exclusionary rule and pure economic loss
54 Cattley v St John Ambulance Brigade Unreported (7 NJ 1140/1986 C 133, QBD JUDGE PROSSER QC, 25 November 1988) High Court (EWHC QB) Liability of 'good Samaritans' in negligence
55 Charleston v News Group Newspapers Ltd [1995] UKHL 6 House of Lords Defamation, and defamatory imputations
56 Chaudhry v Prabhakar [1989] 1 WLR 29;
[1988] 3 All ER 718
Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligent misstatements in a social setting
57 Chester v Afshar [2004] UKHL 41 House of Lords Causation in negligence
58 Chubb Fire Ltd v Vicar of Spalding [2010] EWCA Civ 981 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Intervening acts re causation in negligence
59 Clunis v Camden and Islington HA [1997] EWCA Civ 2918 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) The illegality defence in illegality
60 Collins v Wilcock [1984] 1 WLR 1172;
[1984] 3 All ER 374
High Court (EWHC QB) Assault and battery
61 Corby Group Litigation v Corby DC [2008] EWCA Civ 463;
[2009] EWHC 1944 (TCC)
Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Public nuisance 2008 and 2009 2 cases
62 Cornwall Gardens Ltd v RO Garrard & Co Ltd [2001] EWCA Civ 699 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Malicious (injurious) falsehood
63 Corr v IBC Vehicles Ltd [2008] UKHL 13;
[2008] 1 AC 884;
[2008] 2 WLR 499;
[2008] 2 All ER 943
House of Lords Negligence, intervening acts, and suicide
64 Coventry v Lawrence [2014] UKSC 46 Supreme Court Private nuisance
65 Cox v Ministry of Justice [2016] UKSC 10 Supreme Court Vicarious liability
66 Cranford Community College v Cranford College Ltd [2014] EWHC 2999 (IPEC) High Court (IPEC) Passing-off
67 Crawford v Jenkins [2014] EWCA Civ 1035;
[2016] QB 231;
[2015] 3 WLR 843;
[2015] 1 All ER 476
Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Malicious procurement of a search warrant
68 Crawford Adjusters v Sagicor General Insurance (Cayman) Ltd [2013] UKPC 17;
[2014] AC 366;
[2013] 3 WLR 927;
[2013] 4 All ER 8
Privy Council Abuse of judicial process
69 Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) Litig, Group B Plaintiffs v UK Medical Research Council [2000] Lloyd's Rep Med 161;
(2000) 54 BMLR 92;
(1998) 41 BMLR 157
High Court (EWHC QB) Fear-of-the-future claimants in negligence
70 Cross v Kirkby [2000] EWCA Civ 426 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Battery, and self-defence
71 Cummings v Granger [1977] QB 397;
[1976] 3 WLR 842;
[1977] 1 All ER 104
High Court (EWHC QB) Liability for injuries caused by animals
72 Customs and Excise Commrs v Barclays Bank plc [2004] EWHC 122 (Comm) High Court (EWHC Comm) Negligent provision of services, and pure economic los
73 D & F Estates v Church Commissioners for England [1988] UKHL 4;
[1989] AC 177
House of Lords Negligence and defective structures
74 Darby v National Trust [2001] EWCA Civ 189 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Occupiers' liability
75 Darnley v Corydon Health Services NHS Trust [2015] EWHC 2301 (QB) High Court (EWHC QB) Negligent misstatement, and reasonable foreseeability
76 De Freitas v O'Brien [1995] EWCA Civ 28 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Application of the Bolam test of breach
77 Dennis v Ministry of Defence [2003] EWHC 793 (QB) High Court (EWHC QB) Private nuisance, and remedies
78 Derbyshire CC v Times Newspapers Ltd [1993] AC 534;
[1993] 2 WLR 449;
[1993] 1 All ER 1011
House of Lords Capacity to sue for defamation
79 Derry v Peek [1889] UKHL 1 House of Lords Deceit (fraudulent misrepresentation)
80 Donoghue v Folkestone Properties Ltd [2003] EWCA Civ 231 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Occupiers' liability (trespassers)
81 Donoghue v Stevenson [1932] UKHL 100 House of Lords Product liability in negligence; and duty of care
82 Dorset Yacht Co v Home Office [1970] AC 1004;
[1970] 2 WLR 1140;
[1970] 2 All ER 294
House of Lords Duty of care in negligence (injuries caused by third parties)
83 Douglas v Hello! Ltd [2005] EWCA Civ 595 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Privacy; and misuse of private information
84 Dubai Aluminium Co Ltd v Salaam [2002] UKHL 48 House of Lords Vicarious liability
85 Duke of Brunswick v Harmer 117 ER 75;
(1849) 14 QB 185
High Court (EWHC QB) The multiple publication rule in defamation
86 East Suffolk Rivers Catchment Board v Kent [1940] UKHL 3 House of Lords Liability of public authorities in negligence
87 Ellison v MOD (1997) 81 BLR 101;
[1996] WLUK 254
High Court (EWHC QB) Private nuisance, and the rule in Rylands v Fletcher
88 F v West Berkshire HA [1991] UKHL 1;
[1990] 2 AC 1
House of Lords Trespass to the person, and the defence of necessity
89 Fairchild v Glenhaven Funeral Services Ltd [2002] UKHL 22 House of Lords Causation, and material contribution to risk
90 Ferguson v Welsh [1987] UKHL 14 House of Lords Occupiers' liability and employers' liability
91 Flack v Hudson [2001] QB 698;
[2001] 2 WLR 982
High Court (EWHC QB) Liability for animals
92 Fowler v Lanning [1959] 1 QB 246 (ICLR) High Court (EWHC QB) The interplay between battery (trespass) and negligence (action on the case)
93 Frost (White) v CC of South Yorkshire Police [1999] 2 AC 455;
[1998] 3 WLR 1509;
[1999] 1 All ER 1
House of Lords Negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury (rescuers)
94 Fytche v Wincanton Logistics plc [2004] UKHL 31 House of Lords Breach of statutory duty
95 Geary v JD Wetherspoon plc [2011] EWHC 1506 (QB) High Court (EWHC QB) Duty of care, contributory negligence
96 Gillick v West Norfolk and Wisbech AHA [1986] AC 112;
[1985] 3 WLR 830;
[1985] 3 All ER 402
House of Lords Battery, and capacity of a minor to give consent
97 Gillingham BC v Medway (Chatham Docks) Co Ltd [1993] QB 343 (ICLR) High Court (EWHC QB) Private nuisance, and change of planning permission
98 Glasgow Corp v Muir [1943] AC 448;
[1943] 2 All ER 44;
1943 SC (HL) 3;
1944 SLT 60
House of Lords Standard of care in negligence
99 Goldman v Hargrave [1966] UKPC 12 Privy Council Private nuisance, and negligence (spread of fire)
100 Goodwill v British Pregnancy Advisory Service [1996] 1 WLR 1397 (ICLR);
[1996] 2 All ER 161;
[1996] 2 FLR 55
Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Duty of care in negligence (future sexual partners)
101 Gorringe v Calderdale MBC [2004] UKHL 15 House of Lords Public authority liability in negligence
102 Grant v Australian Knitting Mills Ltd [1935] UKPC 2;
[1935] UKPC 62
House of Lords Product liability in negligence
103 Gray v Thames Trains Ltd [2009] UKHL 33 House of Lords The defence of illegality
104 Greatorex v Greatorex [2000] EWHC 223 (QB) High Court (EWHC QB) Negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury (duty of care to rescuers)
105 Gregory v Portsmouth CC [2000] UKHL 3 House of Lords Malicious prosecution of criminal proceedings
106 Gregg v Scott [2005] UKHL 2 House of Lords Negligence, causation, and loss of a chance
107 Gwilliam v West Hertfordshire Hospital NHS Trust [2002] EWCA Civ 1041 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Occupiers' liability and independent contractors
108 Harris v Evans [1998] EWCA Civ 709;
[1998] 1 WLR 1285;
[1998] 3 All ER 522
Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligent misstatement, and duty of care
109 Hatton v Sutherland [2002] EWCA Civ 76 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligence and stressed-at-work employees
110 Hayes v Willoughby [2013] UKSC 17 Supreme Court The statutory tort under the Protection from Harassment Act 1997
111 Haynes v Harwood [1935] 1 KB 146 (ICLR) High Court (EWHC KB) Exceptions to pure omissions liability
112 Hedley Byrne and Co Ltd v Heller and Partners Ltd [1963] UKHL 4 House of Lords Negligent misstatement
113 Henderson v Merrett Syndicates Ltd [1994] UKHL 5 House of Lords Negligent misstatement
114 Hicks v CC of South Yorkshire Police [1991] UKHL 9 House of Lords Negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury (de minimis damage)
115 Hill v CC of West Yorkshire Police [1987] UKHL 12;
[1989] AC 53;
[1988] 2 All ER 238;
[1988] 2 WLR 1049
House of Lords Negligence, and duty of care (police)
116 Holbeck Hall Hotel Ltd v Scarborough BC [2000] EWCA Civ 51 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Private nuisance, and failure-to-abate
117 Hollywood Silver Fox Farms Ltd v Emmett [1936] 2 KB 468 (ICLR);
[1936] 1 All ER 825 (KB)
High Court (EWHC KB) Private nuisance and malice
118 Hotson v East Berkshire AHA [1988] UKHL 1 House of Lords Negligence, and causation
119 Hunt v Severs [1994] UKHL 4 House of Lords Damages for gratuitous services
120 Hunter v Canary Wharf Ltd [1997] UKHL 14;
[1997] AC 655;
[1997] 2 All ER 426;
[1997] 2 WLR 684
House of Lords Private nuisance
121 Hutcheson v NGN Ltd [2011] EWCA Civ 808;
[2012] EMLR 2;
[2011] UKHRR 1329
Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Privacy
122 Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) Ltd v Shatwell [1964] UKHL 2 House of Lords Negligence, and volenti
123 Iqbal v Dean Manson Solicitors [2011] EWCA Civ 123 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) The statutory tort under the Protection from Harassment Act 1997
124 Islington LBC v University College London Hospital NHS Trust [2005] EWCA Civ 596 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Medical negligence, and duty of care
125 Jackson v Murray [2015] UKSC 5 Supreme Court Contributory negligence
126 Jameel v Wall Street Journal [2006] UKHL 44 House of Lords Defamation, and public interest privilege
127 James-Bowen v Commr of Police [2018] UKSC 40 Supreme Court Negligence, and duty of care (police)
128 Janvier v Sweeney [1919] 2 KB 316 (ICLR) High Court (EWHC KB) The tort in Wilkinson v Downton
129 JD v East Berkshire Community Health NHS Trust [2005] UKHL 23 House of Lords Duty of care, and public authority liability
130 Jobling v Associated Dairies Ltd [1981] UKHL 3 House of Lords Negligence, and supervening events
131 Johnston v NEI International Combustion Ltd [2007] UKHL 39 House of Lords Negligence, and compensable injury
132 Jolley v Sutton LBC [2000] UKHL 31 House of Lords Negligence, and remoteness of damage
133 Jones v Kaney [2011] UKSC 13 Supreme Court Defamation, and absolute privilege
134 Joseph v Spiller [2010] UKSC 53 Supreme Court Defamation, and the defence of honest opinion (fair comment)
135 Kent v Griffiths [2000] EWCA Civ 3017 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Public authority liability (ambulance services) 
136 Keown v Coventry Healthcare NHS Trust [2006] EWCA Civ 39 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Occupiers' liability
137 Khan v Meadows [2019] EWCA Civ 152 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligence, and remoteness of damage
138 Khoransandjian v Bush [1993] EWCA Civ 18;
[1993] 3 WLR 476;
[1993] 3 All ER 669;
[1993] QB 727
Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Private nuisance
139 Knightley v Johns [1981] EWCA Civ 6 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Proof of breach and causation in negligence
140 Kuddus v CC of Leicestershire [2001] UKHL 29 House of Lords Misfeasance in public office, conversion, and exemplary damages
141 Kuwait Airways Corp v Iraqi Airways Co (Nos 4 and 5) [2002] UKHL 19 House of Lords Intervening acts in negligence
142 Lachaux v Independent Print Ltd [2019] UKSC 27 Supreme Court Defamation
143 Lagden v O'Connor [2003] UKHL 64 House of Lords Negligence, and 'egg-shell' claimants
144 Lane v Holloway [1967] EWCA Civ 1 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Battery, and self-defence
145 Lawrence v Pembrokeshire CC [2006] EWHC 1029 (QB) High Court (EWHC QB) Liability of public authorities in negligence
146 Leakey v National Trust [1979] EWCA Civ 5 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Private nuisance, negligence, and abatement
147 Letang v Cooper [1964] EWCA Civ 5 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) The interplay between battery (trespass) and negligence (action on the case)
148 Levi v Bates [2015] EWCA Civ 206 High Court (EWHC QB) Defamation, and the statutory tort under the Protection from Harassment Act 1997
149 Lewis v Daily Telegraph [1964] 2 QB 601;
[1964] 2 WLR 736;
[1964] 1 All ER 705
High Court (EWHC QB) Defamation
150 Lister v Hesley Hall Ltd [2001] UKHL 22 House of Lords Vicarious liability
151 Lister v Romford Ice and Cold Storage Co Ltd [1956] UKHL 6 House of Lords Vicarious liability and employee's own liability
152 LMS International Ltd v Styrene Packaging and Insulation Ltd [2005] EWHC 2065 (TCC) High Court (EWHC TCC) The rule in Rylands v Fletcher, and spread of fire
153 Lonrho Ltd v Shell Petroleum Co Ltd [1982] AC 173;
[1981] 3 WLR 33;
[1981] 2 All ER 456
House of Lords Breach of statutory duty
154 Lumba v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2011] UKSC 12 Supreme Court Assault, battery and false imprisonment
155 Lumley v Gye 118 ER 749;
(1853) 2 El & Bl 216
High Court (EWHC QB) Inducing breach of contract
156 Majrowski v Guy's and T Thomas's NHS Trust [2006] UKHL 34 House of Lords The statutory tort under the Protection from Harassment Act 1997
157 Malone v Laskey [1907] 2 KB 141 High Court (EWHC KB) Private nuisance
158 Marc Rich & Co v Bishop Rock Marine Co [1995] UKHL 4 House of Lords Economic loss consequential upon physical loss of property
159 Marcic v Thames Water Utilities Ltd [2003] UKHL 66 House of Lords Private nuisance and statutory authorisation
160 McKay v Essex AHA [1982] QB 1166;
[1982] 2 WLR 890;
[1982] 2 All ER 771
High Court (EWHC QB) Negligence, and 'wrongful life'
161 McFarlane v Tayside Health Board [1999] UKHL 50 House of Lords Negligence, and 'wrongful conception'
162 McGhee v National Coal Board [1972] UKHL 11 House of Lords Negligence, causation, and material contribution to risk
163 McKew v Holland & Hannen & Cubitts (Scotland) Ltd [1969] UKHL 12 House of Lords Negligence, and intervening acts
164 McLoughlin v O'Brian [1982] UKHL 3 House of Lords Negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury
165 McTear v Imperial Tobacco Ltd 2005 2 SC 1 Court of Session (ScotCS) Product liability in negligence (tobacco)
166 McWilliams v Sir William Arrol & Co Ltd [1961] UKHL 8 House of Lords Negligence, and causation
167 Mersey Docks and Harbour Board v Coggins & Griffith (Liverpool) Ltd [1946] UKHL 1;
[1947] AC 1
House of Lords Vicarious liability and loaned employees
168 Michael v Chief Constable of South Wales Police [2015] UKSC 2 Supreme Court Negligence, and duty of care (police)
169 Mirvahedy v Henley [2003] UKHL 16 House of Lords Liability for animals
170 Mitchell v Glasgow CC [2008] CSIH 19;
[2008] ScotCS CSIH_19
Court of Session (ScotCS CSIH) Public authority liability in negligence
171 Mohamud v WM Morrison Supermarkets plc [2016] UKSC 11 Supreme Court Vicarious liability
172 Monsato plc v Tilly [1999] EWCA Civ 3044 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Trespass to land
173 Monson v Tussauds [1894] 1 QB 671 High Court (EWHC QB) Defamation
174 Montgomery v Lanarkshire Health Board [2015] UKSC 11 Supreme Court Negligence, and a duty to warn
175 Morris v Murray [1990] EWCA Civ 10 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligence, and volenti
176 Murphy v Brentwood DC [1991] UKHL 2 House of Lords Negligence and defective structures
177 Nettleship v Weston [1971] EWCA Civ 6 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligence, and standard of care
178 Network Rail Infrastructure Ltd v Morris (t/a Soundstar Studio) [2004] EWCA Civ 172 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Private nuisance
179 North Glamorgan NHS Trust v Walters [2002] EWCA Civ 1792 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury (secondary victims)
180 OBG Ltd v Allan; Douglas v Hello! Ltd [2007] UKHL 21 House of Lords Causing loss by unlawful means; and interference with another's contractual relations
181 OLL Ltd v Secretary of State for Transport [1997] 3 All ER 897 High Court (EWHC QB) Public authority liability in negligence (coastguard)
182 Olotu v Home Office [1996] EWCA Civ 1070 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Breach of statutory duty
183 Overseas Tankship (UK) Ltd v Morts Dock and Engineering Co Ltd (Wagon Mound No 2) [1961] UKPC 2 Privy Council Negligence, and remoteness of damage
184 Overseas Tankship (UK) Ltd v Miller Steamship Co Ltd (Wagon Mound No 1) [1966] UKPC 10;
[1967] 1 AC 617;
[1966] 2 All ER 709
Privy Council Proving breach in negligence
185 Page v Smith [1995] UKHL 7 House of Lords Negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury
186 Palmer v Tees HA [1999] EWCA Civ 1533 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Duty of care in negligence (third parties who cause injury), and negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury
187 Paris v Stepney BC [1950] UKHL 3 House of Lords Proving breach in negligence
188 Parkinson v St James and Seacroft University Hospital NHS Trust [2001] EWCA Civ 530 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligence, and 'wrongful conception'
189 Patchett v Swimming Pool and Allied Trades Assn Ltd [2009] EWCA Civ 717 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligent misstatement and duty of care
190 Performance Cars Ltd v Abraham [1961] EWCA Civ 3 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligence, and successive tortfeasors
191 Phelps v Hillingdon LBC [2000] UKHL 47 House of Lords Public authority liability in negligence
192 Phillips v Britannia Hygienic Laundry Co Ltd [1923] 2 KB 832;
[1923] 1 KB 539
Court of Appeal (EWCA) Breach of statutory duty
193 Pirelli General Cable Works v Faber [1983] 2 AC 1;
[1983] 2 WLR 6;
[1983] 1 All ER 65
House of Lords Accrual of the cause of action in tort
194 Pitts v Hunt [1990] EWCA Civ 17 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligence, and the defences of volenti; and illegality
195 Poole BC v GN [2019] UKSC 25 Supreme Court Public authority liability in negligence
196 Prison Officers Association v Iqbal (Rev 1) [2009] EWCA Civ 1312 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) False imprisonment
197 QBE Management Services (UK) Ltd v Dymoke [2012] EWHC 80 (QB) High Court (EWHC QB) Conspiracy to injure
198 R v Bournewood Community and Mental Health NHS Trust, ex parte L [1999] 1 AC 458;
[1998] 3 WLR 107;
[1998] 3 All ER 289
House of Lords False imprisonment, and the defence of necessity
199 R v Deputy Governor of Parkhurst Prison, ex parte Hague [1991] UKHL 13 House of Lords Breach of statutory duty
200 R v Governor of Brockhill Prison, ex parte Evans [2000] UKHL 48 House of Lords False imprisonment
201 R v Rimmington; R v Goldstein [2005] UKHL 63 House of Lords Public nuisance
202 Rance v Mid-Downs HA [1991] 1 QB 587;
[1991] 2 WLR 159;
[1991] 1 All ER 801
High Court (EWHC QB) Negligence, and 'wrongful birth'
203 Ratcliffe v Plymouth and Torbay HA [1998] EWCA Civ 206 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) The doctrine of res ipsa loquitur
204 Read v J Lyons & Co Ltd [1946] UKHL 2 House of Lords The rule in Rylands v Fletcher
205 Rees v Darlington Memorial Hospital NHS Trust [2003] UKHL 52 House of Lords Negligence, and 'wrongful conception'
206 Reeves v Commr of Police [1999] UKHL 35 House of Lords Negligence, contributory negligence, and volenti
207 Reilly v Merseyside HA [1994] EWCA Civ 30;
(1995) 6 Med LR 246
Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligence, and de minimis level of damage
208 Reynolds v Times Newspapers Ltd [1999] UKHL 45 House of Lords Defamation, and public interest privilege
209 Rhind v Astbury Water Park Ltd [2004] EWCA Civ 756 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Occupiers' liability (visitors)
210 Rhodes v OPO [2015] UKSC 32 Supreme Court The tort of Wilkinson v Downton
211 Richardson v LRC Products Ltd [2000] PIQR P164;
[2000] Lloyd's Rep Med 280;
(2001) 59 BMLR 185;
[2000] CLY 851
High Court (EWHC QB) Product liability under the Consumer Protection Act 1987
212 Robinson v West Yorkshire Police [2018] UKSC 4 Supreme Court Negligence, and duty of care (police)
213 Roe v Ministry of Health [1954] EWCA Civ 7;
[1954] 2 QB 66;
[1954] 2 WLR 915;
[1954] 2 All ER 131
Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Non-delegable duties of care
214 Rookes v Barnard [1964] UKHL 1 House of Lords The availability of exemplary damages
215 Rose v Plenty [1975] EWCA Civ 5 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Vicarious liability
216 Rowlands v CC of Merseyside Police [2006] EWCA Civ 1773 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) The availability of aggravated damages
217 Rylands v Fletcher [1865] EngR 436;
159 ER 737
High Court (EWHC Exch) The rule in Rylands v Fletcher (the escape of dangerous things)
218 Scott v London and St Katherine's Docks [1865] EngR 220;
159 ER 665;
[1861-73] All ER Rep 248
High Court (EWHC Exch) The doctrine of res ipsa loquitur
219 Searle v Wallbank [1947] AC 341;
[1947] 1 All ER 12
House of Lords Liability for animals
220 Sedleigh-Denfield v O'Callagan [1940] AC 880;
[1940] 3 All ER 349
House of Lords Private nuisance
221 Selwood v Durham CC [2012] EWCA Civ 979 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligence, and duty of care (third parties who cause injury)
222 Shakoor v Situ [2001] 1 WLR 410;
[2000] 4 All ER 181
High Court (EWHC QB) Negligence, and standard of care
223 Shaw v Kovac [2017] EWCA Civ 1028 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Meaning of compensatory damages
224 Sidaway v Board of Governors of the Bethlem Royal Hospital [1985] UKHL 1 House of Lords Negligence, and the duty to warn
225 Sienkiewicz v Greif (UK) Ltd [2011] UKSC 10 Supreme Court Negligence, causation, and material contribution to risk
226 Smith v Eric S Bush [1990] UKHL 1 House of Lords Negligent misstatement, and duty of care
227 Smith v Leech Brain & Co Ltd [1962] 2 QB 405 (ICLR);
[1961] 3 All ER 1159
High Court (EWHC QB) Negligence, remoteness, and the 'egg-shell' claimant
228 Smith v Littlewoods Organisation Ltd [1987] AC 241;
[1987] 2 WLR 480;
[1987] 1 All ER 710
House of Lords Negligence, duty of care, and omissions
229 South Australian Asset Management Corp v York Montagu Ltd [1996] UKHL 10;
[1997] AC 191;
[1996] 3 All ER 365; [1996] 3 WLR 87
House of Lords Negligence, and remoteness of damage
230 Southport Corp v Esso Petroleum Co Ltd [1954] EWCA Civ 5 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Private nuisance, trespass to land, and the defence of necessity
231 Spartan Steel and Alloys Ltd v Martin & Co (Contractors) Ltd [1972] EWCA Civ 3 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Pure economic loss, and the exclusionary rule
232 Spring v Guardian Assurance plc [1995] 2 AC 296;
[1994] 3 WLR 354;
[1994] 3 All ER 129
House of Lords Negligent misstatement, and duty of care
233 St Helen's Smelting Co v Tipping [1865] UKHL J81 House of Lords Private nuisance
234 Stannard (t/a Wyvern Tyres) v Gore [2012] EWCA Civ 1248 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) The rule in Rylands v Fletcher (fire)
235 Stark v Post Office [2000] EWCA Civ 64 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Breach of statutory duty
236 Stocker v Stocker [2019] UKSC 17 Supreme Court Defamation
237 Stoke-on-Trent CC v W&J Wass Ltd [1988] 1 WLR 1406;
[1988] 3 All ER 394
Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Proprietary torts, and 'user' damages
238 Stone & Rolls Ltd (in liq) v Moore Stephens (a firm) [2007] EWHC 1826 (Comm) High Court (EWHC Comm) Negligence, and the defence of illegality
239 Stovin v Wise [1996] UKHL 15 House of Lords Public authority liability in negligence
240 Sturges v Bridgman (1879) 11 Ch D 852 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Private nuisance (and 'coming to the nuisance')
241 Sutradhar v Natural Environment Research Council [2006] UKHL 33 House of Lords Negligence, and duty of care
242 Tamiz v Google Inc [2012] EWHC 449 (QB) High Court (EWHC QB) Defamation
243 Taylor v A Novo (UK) [2013] EWCA Civ 194 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury
244 Terry v Persons Unknown [2010] EWHC 119 (QB) High Court (EWHC QB) Privacy; misuse of private information
245 Tesco Stores Ltd v Pollard [2006] EWCA Civ 393 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Product liability in negligence and under the Consumer Protection Act 1987
246 Tomlinson v Congleton BC [2003] UKHL 47 House of Lords Negligence, and proving breach
247 Transco plc v Stockport MBC [2003] UKHL 61 House of Lords The rule in Rylands v Fletcher
248 Turnbull v Warrener [2012] EWCA Civ 412 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Liability for animals
249 Van Colle v CC of Hertfordshire Police [2008] UKHL 50 House of Lords Negligence, and duty of care (police)
250 Viasystems (Tyneside) Ltd v Thermal Transfer (Northern) Ltd [2005] EWCA Civ 1151 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Vicarious liability
251 Vowles v Evans [2003] EWCA Civ 318 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligence, and proving breach
252 W v Essex CC [2000] UKHL 17 House of Lords Negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury
253 Wainwright v Home Office [2003] UKHL 53 House of Lords Privacy; the tort in Wilkinson v Downton; and defences
254 Watt v Hertfordshire CC [1954] EWCA Civ 6 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligence, and proving breach
255 Welsh Water v Barratt Homes Ltd [2013] EWCA Civ 233 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Private nuisance; and breach of statutory duty
256 Wheat v E Lacon & Co Ltd [1966] UKHL 1 House of Lords Occupiers' liability
257 White (Frost) v CC of South Yorkshire Police [1998] UKHL 45 House of Lords Negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury
258 White v Jones [1995] UKHL 5 House of Lords Negligent provision of services causing pure economic loss
259 White v Withers LLP [2009] EWCA Civ 1122 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Trespass to chattels
260 Whitehead v Searle [2008] EWCA Civ 1093 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligence, and 'wrongful birth'
261 Wildtree Hotels Ltd v Harrow LBC [2001] 2 AC 1 House of Lords Public nuisance, and statutory compensation
262 Wilkinson v Downton [1897] EWHC 1 High Court (EWHC QB) Intentional infliction of mental distress
263 Willers v Joyce (Re: Gubay deceased) [2016] UKSC 43;
[2016] UKSC 44
Supreme Court Malicious prosecution of civil proceedings [2 cases from the same year]
264 Wilsons & Clyde Co Ltd v English [1937] UKHL 2 House of Lords Employers' liability, and sub-duties of care
265 Wilsher v Essex AHA [1987] UKHL 11;
[1987] QB 730;
[1987] 2 WLR 425;
[1986] 3 All ER 801
House of Lords Negligence, standard of care, and causation
266 WM Morrisons v Various Claimants [2020] UKSC 12 Supreme Court Vicarious liability
267 Woodland v Essex CC [2013] UKSC 66 Supreme Court Non-delegable duties of care
268 Wooldridge v Sumner [1962] EWCA Civ 3 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Negligence, standard of care, and proving breach
269 X (minors) v Bedfordshire CC [1995] UKHL 9;
[1995] 2 AC 633;
[1995] 3 WLR 152;
[1995] 3 All ER 353
House of Lords Public authority liability in negligence; breach of statutory duty
270 Youssoupoff v Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures Ltd (1934) 50 TLR 581 Court of Appeal (EWCA Civ) Defamation
271 Zurich Insurance plc v International Energy Group Ltd [2015] UKSC 33 Supreme Court Negligence, causation, and material contribution to risk