QUEEN'S BENCH DIVISION
B e f o r e :
MR JUSTICE FORBES
|THE QUEEN ON THE APPLICATION OF JOHN TAYLOR||Claimant|
|SOUTHAMPTON MAGISTRATES' COURT||Defendant|
|THE CROWN PROSECUTION SERVICE||Interested Party|
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Mr Michael Forster (instructed by the Crown Prosecution Service, Special Casework Unit, Blackhorse House, 8-10 Leigh Road, Eastleigh, Hampshire SO5 4FH) appeared on behalf of the Interested Party
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"In Essen this court considered the relevant law and it considered in particular the judgments of Lord Bingham in R v Aberdare Justices ex parte Director of Public Prosecutions (1990) 155 JP 324 (then as Bingham LJ) and in R v Hereford Magistrates' Court ex parte Rowlands  QB 110 (then as Lord Bingham CJ). The following points emerge:
(a) A decision whether to adjourn is a decision within the discretion of the trial court. An appellate court will interfere only if very clear grounds for doing so are shown.
(b) Magistrates should pay great attention to the need for expedition in the prosecution of criminal proceedings; delays are scandalous; they bring the law into disrepute; summary justice should be speedy justice; an application for an adjournment should be rigorously scrutinised.
(c) Where an adjournment is sought by the prosecution, magistrates must consider both the interest of the defendant in getting the matter dealt with, and the interest of the public that criminal charges should be adjudicated upon, and the guilty convicted as well as the innocent acquitted. With a more serious charge the public interest that there be a trial will carry greater weight.
(d) Where an adjournment is sought by the accused, the magistrates must consider whether, if it is not granted, he will be able fully to present his defence and, if he will not be able to do so, the degree to which his ability to do so is compromised.
(e) In considering the competing interests of the parties the magistrates should examine the likely consequences of the proposed adjournment, in particular its likely length, and the need to decide the facts while recollections are fresh.
(f) The reason that the adjournment is required should be examined and, if it arises through the fault of the party asking for the adjournment, that is a factor against granting the adjournment, carrying weight in accordance with the gravity of the fault. If that party was not at fault, that may favour an adjournment. Likewise if the party opposing the adjournment has been at fault, that will favour an adjournment.
(g) The magistrates should take appropriate account of the history of the case, and whether there have been earlier adjournments and at whose request and why.
(h) Lastly, of course the factors to be considered cannot be comprehensively stated but depend upon the particular circumstances of each case, and they will often overlap. The court's duty is to do justice between the parties in the circumstances as they have arisen."
"A decision to adjourn or not is par excellence a matter of discretion for the court in question, and is not likely to be interfered with by this court."