ON APPEAL FROM THE HIGH COURT OF JUSTICE
MANCHESTER DISTRICT REGISTRY
(His Honour Judge Bird)
Claim No. 2141 of 2014
Strand, London, WC2A 2LL
B e f o r e :
LORD JUSTICE RYDER
MR. JUSTICE DAVID RICHARDS
| ALTOMART LIMITED
|- and -
|SALFORD ESTATES (No. 2) LIMITED
Miss Lesley Anderson Q.C. (instructed by Woodcocks Haworth & Nuttall) for the appellant
Hearing date : 29th July 2014
Crown Copyright ©
Lord Justice Moore-Bick :
Do the Mitchell principles apply to an application of this kind?
"Where a party has failed to comply with a rule, practice direction or court order, any sanction for failure to comply imposed by the rule, practice direction or court order has effect unless the party in default applies for and obtains relief from the sanction."
Rule 3.9(1) provides as follows:
"On an application for relief from any sanction imposed for a failure to comply with any rule, practice direction or court order, the court will consider all the circumstances of the case, so as to enable it to deal justly with the application, . . ."
"21. In my judgment, it is equally appropriate to have regard to the check-list in CPR 3.9 when a court is considering an application for an extension of time for appealing in a case of any complexity. The reason for this is that the applicant has not complied with CPR 52.4(2), and if the court is unwilling to grant him relief from his failure to comply through the extension of time he is seeking, the consequence will be that the order of the lower court will stand and he cannot appeal it. Even though this may not be a sanction expressly "imposed" by the rule, the consequence will be exactly the same as if it had been, and it would be far better for courts to follow the check-list contained in CPR 3.9 on this occasion, too, than for judges to make their own check-lists for cases where sanctions are implied and not expressly imposed."
The Mitchell principles
"35. Thus, the court must, in considering all the circumstances of the case so as to enable it to deal with the application justly, give particular weight to these two important factors. In doing so, it will take account of the seriousness and significance of the breach (which has been assessed at the first stage) and any explanation (which has been considered at the second stage). The more serious or significant the breach the less likely it is that relief will be granted unless there is a good reason for it. Where there is a good reason for a serious or significant breach, relief is likely to be granted. Where the breach is not serious or significant, relief is also likely to be granted.
36. But it is always necessary to have regard to all the circumstances of the case. The factors that are relevant will vary from case to case. As has been pointed out in some of the authorities that have followed Mitchell, the promptness of the application will be a relevant circumstance to be weighed in the balance along with all the circumstances. Likewise, other past or current breaches of the rules, practice directions and court orders by the parties may also be taken into account as a relevant circumstance."
The application of the Mitchell principles to this case
Lord Justice Ryder :
Mr. Justice David Richards :