MP (Risk - MCDDI - Lari Ethnicity) Congo- Republic Of Brazzaville CG  UKIAT 00002
Date of hearing: 20 October 2003
Date Determination notified: 13 January 2004
|Secretary of State for the Home Department||RESPONDENT|
"In this situation, a known former MCDDI Party opposition activist of Lari ethnic origin is at high risk from the moment of his arrival in Brazzaville. This is particularly the case for individuals, such as [name deleted] who have already been the target of security force raids and investigations in earlier years."
"… in charge of communication and propaganda amongst the youth. My country has got big proportion of young people between 15-30 and all in schools and the role I played was that of communication with the youth."
When asked how he carried out the role he said:
"Once I became a member of the party I had to go and talk to my colleagues in schools, talk about the situation, the social and political situation in the country and about what the party advocated in relation to the society"
He agreed that he gave talks and that he ceased to have any political involvement after April 1998. He had joined the MCDDI in June 1996.
"I would distribute leaflets, put up posters, would speak with other young people about the election. I would do this both in the local area where I lived and also, I along with others in the party, would go out into the countryside to attempt to drum up support. The elections were due to take place in July 1997 but they were cancelled as the result of a civil war which broke out on 5 June 1997.
In August 1997 I joined I'ERDDUN as this was a kind of umbrella organisation for the forces of democracy. I joined along with others from MCDDI and from other parties who wished to see democracy returned to our country.
I was not personally involved in the fighting which took place. I was a singer and was involved in singing in support of our cause, which was to defend democracy."
"I believe as I have previously only had a low level involvement and because I was no longer involved in politics, I did not initially have any difficulties with the new regime. I had no trouble from the time the rebels took power until April 1998."
"I would say from the outset that I do not overall consider the appellant to be a credible witness. I consider that he has significantly exaggerated and embellished his account of his circumstances in his country and his alleged political involvement. I consider his evidence to be in fear of persecution in Congo to be undermined by inconsistencies and implausibilities …"
"he made no secret he had previously appeared at public events. He may well have been shown on television – which frequently reported on such meetings."
Mr Melly's comments are not supported by the evidence. The Adjudicator never claimed to be on television; indeed he claimed his activities were low level. Mr Melly reports that the MCDDI Party headquarters were captured by the Sassou-Nguesso forces in the 1997 war and this means that membership records are almost certainly in government hands. However, the Tribunal find that this is speculation on his part. No credible evidence has been adduced before the Tribunal to show that if there were membership records, and assuming that the appellant's name was on such a record, no evidence that this actually fell into the hands of those forces. On the other hand, we note that the MCDDI is free to participate in the political arena and won some four seats in local elections in 2002.