Heard at Field House
 UKIAT 00164 T ( Liberia)
On 27 November 2003
Date Determination notified: 08 December 2003
"5.18 There has been a reduction in violence in areas where peacekeepers have been deployed, particularly around Monrovia, but the situation remains tense. There have been clashes between rebels and government forces, in particular there is heightened tension between MODEL and government forces in the south of the country around the port city of Buchanan. The city is reported to be controlled by rebel forces.
At paragraph 6.49 there is a general over view of the situation:
"6.49 On 1 August 2003 the UN Security Council sanctioned the deployment of a multi-national peacekeeping force to the region. This was at the request of the Secretary – General, and adopted as Resolution 1497 (2003). Under Resolution 1509 (2003), a United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) was sanctioned for a period of twelve months. This resolution stated that UNMIL is to be made up of 15,000 peacekeepers, whose primary mission is to monitor the peace agreement, and assist in the maintenance of law and order.
At paragraph 6.54
"6.54 Conditions within Monrovia have improved, but the provision of basic services remains poor. In the country generally, violent clashes between rebel and government supporters, has made the provision of aid, and reporting on conditions in these areas, very difficult. In July 2003, the UNHCR requested that governments do not enforce the removal of failed Liberian asylum seekers for a period of six months. This was in response to the upsurge in violence, and the resulting difficulties in providing protection to the general population."
Of course the UNCHR's request was made at the height of the fighting and a month before the cease-fire came into effect.
"Although the capital Monrovia enjoys an uneasy calm after the devastating events of June and July attacks on the civilian population by former government forces and the two armed opposition groups Liberians United for Reconciliation of Democracy (LURD) and the Movement for Democracy in Liberia (MODEL) are continuing in Bong, Nimba and Grand Bassa counties.
During their two week visit to Liberia Amnesty International's delegates met large numbers of internally displaced people in camps around Monrovia in Kakata in Margibi county, Totota in Bong country and also in Sagleiyie in Mimba county. Those in Kakata and Totota described how their villages were attacked and looted by LURD forces and how as they fled their few remaining possessions were taken by former government forces based around Sanoyie. Those in Sagleiyie had fled MODEL forces as they advanced towards Tapeta and Graie killing looting and destroying villages. Predominantly Krahn MODEL forces are attacking those from the Mano and Gio ethnic groups in the country because of their assumed support for former President Charles Taylor".
"It is clear the presence of UN Troops offers protection to the civilian population in a few areas where they are currently deployed" Amnesty International said "what is needed urgently is swift deployment of additional forces with adequate logistical support beyond Monrovia and the main route to Gbarnga. Once deployed they should vigorously pursue their mandate to protect civilians".
His Honour Judge N Ainley