(1812) 5 Paton 593
CASES DECIDED IN THE HOUSE OF LORDS, UPON APPEAL FROM THE COURTS OF SCOTLAND, FROM 1753 TO 1813.
[Fac. Coll. et Mor. App. v. Manse 1.]
House of Lords,
Subject_Manse and Glebe, Right to — Res Judicata. —
(1st.) Held that a minister of a parish, chiefly situated within the royal burgh of Dunfermline, with a landward part, was entitled to have a manse designed to him, together with a glebe of four acres of arable land; and a grass glebe sufficient to pasture two cows and a horse, and that the sums which a predecessor in the incumbency had agreed to accept in lieu of these, did not shut out this claim. (2d.) Held that a question raised by a predecessor, in regard to the same subject, was not res judicata, in the circumstances, so as to foreclose the present claim at the instance of the present incumbent.
The respondent is the first minister of the parish of Dunfermline, which includes the royal burgh of Dunfermline, including the precincts of the Abbey, together with a landward part of the parish situated in the adjoining country. He had neither manse nor glebe. The act 1592, c. 118, “statutes and ordains that the acts of parliament made of before, anent manses and glebes, to be given to ministers of God's holy evangel within this realm, shall be understood and extended to all abbeys and cathedral kirks within this realm, where no other manse nor glebe pertaining to parson or vicar was of before; so that the minister presently admitted, or hereafter shall happen to be admitted, to the office or cure of the ministry, within the said kirk, shall have a sufficient manse and dwelling place within the precinct of the abbey where he serves, together with four acres of land, &c., with special provision that it shall be in the option of the abbots, priors, and other prelates and persons whatsoever, feuars of the said cathedral or abbey places, either to grant a manse to the minister, within the precinct of their place, or else
The act 1644, c. 31, was passed, extending the former acts as to the designing of manses and glebes, which contained this clause: “ Borrowstown kirks being always excepted,” which was founded on by the appellants. And the act 1649, c. 45, followed, with regard to ministers' stipends, glebes, and manses, and that these two latter being once designed and built, the costand charges were to be laid on the heritors. This act contained the following clause, which was also founded on by the appellants: “And it is hereby appointed that burghs, and the landward parts of the parish, provide all competent dwelling-places and houses for their ministers, the same not being above nor beneath the sum expressed.”
The two acts of 1644 and 1649 were rescinded or repealed after the Restoration, and the act 1663 substituted, which sets forth, “Because, notwithstanding divers acts of parliament made of before, divers ministers are not yet sufficiently provided with manses and glebes, and others do not get their manse free at their entry, therefore statutes and ordains, that where competent manses are not already built, the heritors of the parish, at sight of the bishop of the diocese, or such minister as he shall appoint, with two or three of the most knowing and discreet men of the parish, build competent manses to their ministers, the expenses thereof not exceeding 1000 and not beneath 500 merks; and where competent manses are already built, ordains the heritors of the parish to relieve the minister, and his executors, of all costs of charges and expenses for repairing the foresaid manses; declaring hereby that the manses being once built and repaired, and the building and repairing satisfied and paid by the heritors in manner aforesaid, the said manses shall thereafter be upholden by the incumbent ministers during their possession, and by the heritors in time of vacancy, out of the vacant stipend.” Then follows the stipulations with reference to glebes: “In like manner ordains that every minister have fewel, foggage, feal and divots, according to the act of parliament made in the year 1593; as also that every minister (except such ministers of royal burghs who have not right to glebes), have grass for one horse, and two kine, over and above their glebe, to be designed out of kirk lands, and with relief according to the former acts of parliament standing in force.”
In these circumstances, the appellants contended that the minister's right to manse and glebe did not apply to parishes situated for the most part within royal burghs. That the clause in the act 1644 excepting “Borrowstown kirks,” and the provision in the act 1649, giving dwelling-houses to ministers within such burghs; and the clause in the above quoted statute 1663, showed that such ministers were neither entitled to manses nor to glebes. This being their view of the acts, the respondent presented his petition to the presbytery of the bounds, stating, That by an act of the Scotch parliament 1592, ministers of abbey kirks are entitled to a sufficient manse or dwelling-house within the precincts of their abbey; and that by act 1663, c. 21, ministers of all landward parishes, whether connected with a burgh or not, are entitled to a manse, and also to a glebe, consisting of four acres of arable land, and as much pasture land as is necessary for pasturing a horse and two cows.
The respondent further stated, that he was unprovided in a manse, having only forty pounds Scots ( i. e. £3. 6s. 8d. Sterling) yearly in lieu of one; that his globe was not of the legal dimensions, and that in place of pasture ground he had only twenty pounds Scots (£1. 13s. 4d. Sterling) yearly allowed him for grass. He therefore prayed the presbytery to order a visitation, and to take the usual steps appointed by law for designing a legal manse or glebe.
June 7, 1803.
After a variety of proceedings before the presbytery, that court pronounced the following judgment: “The presbytery having considered Mr. McLean's petition, and the whole of this cause, find that he is in law entitled to a manse or dwelling-house, and suitable offices, within the precincts of the abbey of Dunfermline, in lieu of the forty pounds Scots presently paid to him, to a legal glebe, consisting of four acres, and to half an acre of ground as a stance for a manse, offices, and garden enclosed with proper walls; the presbytery find, that Mr. M'Lean is entitled to grass or pasturage for one horse and two cows, in lieu of the twenty pounds Scots presently paid to him; and they also find that the pigeon-house upon the glebe ought to be removed. The presbytery delay the designation of a manse and the ground for pasturage.” At a subsequent date they proceeded to design these, and also correct the deficiency in the size of the glebe, so as to make it up to the full legal quantity of four acres.
The appellants then brought the present case by advocation before the Court of Session.
The question brought before the Court by this advocation being, Whether the judgments of the presbytery were well founded under the act 1663, c. 21? the respondent was advised to bring a separate action against the officers of state, and certain persons having interest within the precincts of the abbey of Dunfermline, libelling upon the act 1592, c. 118, and concluding that he had right to a manse within the precincts of the abbey, by virtue of that act. But as the Court adhered to the judgments of the presbytery, finding the respondent entitled to a manse under the act 1663, c. 21, it became unnecessary for the respondent to rest upon his subsidiary claim under the act 1592, c. 118.
The appellants maintained, 1st, That the general question here was, Whether, in the case of a parish where there is a royal burgh, and likewise a landward part, the minister is in the same situation with respect to the right of having a manse, as the minister whose parish does not contain a royal burgh, or is a mere country parish? They contended, 2d, That the respondent, being a minister of a royal burgh, had no right to a manse; and, in the 3d place, That this question had been definitively settled in the Court of Session in 1750, in an action raised by his predecessor and the heritors of the parish, and therefore the exception of res judicata was a complete bar to the claim.
Fac. Coll. vol. xiii. p. 504. Mor. App. 1. Manse No. 1. Note.
The Heritors of Dysart v. The Magistrates of Dysart in 1777, (unreported.) Durie, p. 425, et Mor. 5137.
It was more in detail argued, that as the act 1644 excepted Borrowstown kirks, this must mean all parishes where the church was situated within a burgh, whether there was landward parish annexed to it or not. In answer, the respondent contended that the minister of every landward parish, not excepting parishes connected, as this was, with burghs, was entitled to a manse under the act 1663, and other acts of parliament. That the Court had never refused manses to ministers whose benefices were so situated. That the decisions of the Court had only refused manses to ministers whose parishes were wholly within burgh, or upon some other special grounds. That it had been decided in the case of Williamson, so far back as March 26th 1685, that the heritors were liable for the reparation of the manse, though Williamson was minister in a royal burgh, because it has a manse and glebe, and landward parish. Several decisions since that time have been pronounced unfavourable to the claim of ministers of royal burghs, having part landward parishes; but these all went on specialties, and
It appears that, in 1658, some dispute had arisen between the minister and the town and the heritors of the parish, which ended in a contract, whereby the minister for the time being agreed to the sum of forty pounds Scots in lieu of manse, and the other sums as stated in his petition.
These circumstances showed clearly that the minister was at one time in possession of a manse. Then again, with reference to the plea of res judicata, the circumstances of that plea are soon disposed of. The question there discussed with his predecessor in 1750, went on the ground of the presbytery not having any jurisdiction to design a manse under the act 1663, and the Court confined themselves to particular findings, without deciding the general abstract
Jan. 17, 1805.
The Lord Ordinary, Woodhouselee, reported the case to the Court. The Court pronounced this interlocutor: “The Lords repel the reasons of advocation, and remit the cause simpliciter to the presbytery, except as to the removal of the pigeon-house, with regard to which, find it incompetent for the presbytery to take cognizance thereof, reserving to the minister to apply to the Judge Ordinary for having the same removed, and to the other parties concerned, their defences as accords.”
Nov. 9, 1805.
On reclaiming petition, confined to the point of res judicata, the Court adhered.
Against these interlocutors the present appeal was brought to the House of Lords.
Pleaded for the Appellants.—The question here is, whether the minister of a parish, consisting of a royal burgh and a landward part, is entitled to have a manse designed by the presbytery, to be built at the expense of the heritors, under the construction of the act 1663. The act says, that where manses are not already built, the heritors of the parish shall build them, a term surely not applicable to royal burghs, and therefore if the act be construed as extending to parishes comprehending a royal burgh, if there be also a landward part, the whole expense would necessarily be thrown upon the owners of that part, however inconsiderable it might be, a piece of injustice which could never enter the mind of the legislature. When a burden is laid upon heritors, it is perfectly understood to be apportionable by their valued rent, but a burgh has no valued rent. Where a burgh is subjected, regard is always had to the mode of payment peculiar to burghs. In a word, this act of parliament, to those who consider that the legislature must have had in view, how it was to be executed, or how it could be extricated, is the same as if it had expressly limited the enactment to country parishes, or parishes in which there
Pleaded for the Respondent.—The respondent, in common with every other parochial minister in Scotland who
After hearing counsel, it was
Ordered and adjudged that the appeal be dismissed, and that the interlocutors complained of be, and the same are hereby affirmed.
Counsel: For the Appellants,
For the Respondent, Henry Erskine, Arch. Campbell, Fra. Horner.
Note.—For sometime after this decision, it was thought, and frequently discussed, that the above case, in the House of Lords, was not affirmed on the general question, but went on specialties, until the subsequent decision in the House of Lords in the case of Auld v. Magistrates of Ayr, (Vide 2 S. and M'L. p. 600), where the judgment of the Court of Session was reveresd, and the case remitted, “with an instruction that it is fixed by the judgment of the
(Before the Lords' Committees for Privileges.)
Claiming the Titles, Honours, and Dignities of Duke and Earl of Roxburghe, Marquis of Beaumont and Cessfurd, Earl of Kelso, Viscount of Broxmouth, and Lord Ker of Cessfurd and Caverton.
House of Lords, 11th May 1812.
Subject_Roxburghe Peerage Cause—Interest to Appear.—
Two questions of law were made in this case. 1. Whether the deed of nomination of heirs, and tailzie 1648, carried and conveyed, along with the estates, the titles and dignities of the Earl of Roxburghe? 2. Who were the persons in law entitled to succeed to the dignities under the destination in that deed, of “the eldest dochter of the said Hary Lord Ker, without division, and yr airis maill?” The House of Lords held, 1. That the honours and dignities of the Earl of Roxburghe were conveyed by the deed 1648; and, 2. That the destination to the eldest daughter, meant the eldest daughter at the time of the succession opening. The question then assumed two branches, 1. As to the honours and dignities of the barony of Roxburghe; and, 2. The Earldom and Dukedom of Roxburghe. Held, as to the first, that none of the claimants had established any right to that dignity or honour. But as to the second, that Sir James Norcliffe Innes had made out his claim to the dignities of the Dukedom and Earldom of Roxburghe.
Principles of law laid down for allowing parties to appear for their interest in peerage questions, in which Mr. Bellenden Ker was not allowed to appear, but Lady Essex Ker was allowed to appear.
The original case for the claimant was given in in 1808, along with that of General Ker. On account of the connection between the claim to the honours of the Roxburghe
_________________ Footnote _________________ * This and the following case, though not strictly appeals, are reported here, because they are intimately connected with the Roxburghe causes, and complete the series of those appeals.
_________________ Footnote _________________
* This and the following case, though not strictly appeals, are reported here, because they are intimately connected with the Roxburghe causes, and complete the series of those appeals.
Since that period, various points have received decision in the last resort, in regard to the estates of the family; and the situations of the different parties, competitors for these estates as well as for the honours, have been materially altered.
The claimant, therefore, conceives that it may contribute to convenience, to bring shortly into view, first, What has been already done; and, second, What remains to be done, on the subject of the claim to the peerage.
On behalf of the claimant, Sir James Innes Ker, the following documents have already been produced and proved before the Lords' Committees of Privileges.
1. The patent of the dignity of an Earl granted to Robert Lord Roxburghe in 1616, by which he was in all time coining directed to be denominated Earl of Roxburghe, Lord Ker of Cessfurd and Cavertoun.
July 17, 1643.
2. Procuratory of resignation executed by Robert Earl of Roxburghe of his estates and of his dignities.
3. The notarial instrument of resignation proceeding upon that procuratory, 26th Feb. 1644.
4. The charter granted by King Charles the First, to Robert Earl of Roxburghe, of his estates, and of his dignities to himself and the heirs-male of his body, “Quibus deficientibus heredibus suis vel assignatis quibuscunque in ejus optione designandis, nominandis vel constituendis, per ipsum aliquo tempore in vita sua vel ante ejus decessum per assignationem designationem nominationem seu declarationem sub subscriptione,” &c. Dated 31st July 1646.
5. An exemplification of the act of Parliament, ratifying the above charter. 11th June 1648.
6. The tailzie, nomination, and designation, executed by Robert Earl of Roxburghe, of his estates and of his dignities. 23d February 1648.
7. An exemplification of an act of Parliament of Scotland, 20th May 1661, again ratifying the aforesaid charter of 31st July 1646, and the foresaid tailzie, nomination, and designation of Robert Earl of Roxburghe of 23d February 1648.
Upon these, and upon the patent of the Dukedom of Roxburghe, to be afterwards mentioned, the right of the present claimant was founded.
By the previous appeal it has been seen upon what ground General Ker's claim was founded to the estates and dignities, ante p. 333.
Both stated a preliminary objection to the right of Mr. Bellenden Ker, as well as to the right of Lady Essex Ker, appearing for their interest before the Committee of Privileges, which objection was disposed of by the Lord Chancellor in the following manner.
Lord Chancellor ( Eldon) said,—
Your Lordships are aware that an objection was taken before the Committee of Privileges on the part of Sir James Innes Ker and Brigadier-General Walter Ker, against the right of Mr. Bellenden Ker and the Lady Essex Ker, who do not claim the dignities, to be heard as parties before the committee, against those who do claim those dignities; and that this objection was referred by the committee to be considered by the House. Upon this point counsel have been heard for several days.
The chief objection is made to Mr. Bellenden Ker; as to Lady Essex Ker, the objection taken is but faintly stated.
Of the latter, it is to be remarked, that she disputes the right of all the other claimants, and says she has a better right; though she has not laid a claim thereon to his Majesty. Mr. Bellenden Ker is in a situation perfectly different; he makes no suggestion of a claim to the dignities, but he insists he has an interest to be heard, because he says the dignities can only be given to the claimants on a construction of certain deeds, and which he says will affect his right to those estates, which also originally passed by the same deed.
I conceive it is impossible to say that this kind of concern is a proper interest. From the practice in this country, familiar instances might be adduced upon this point. A person might have devised, by will, landed estates, to different individuals, in nineteen different counties, and in a question betwixt the heir at law and the devisee in one of these counties, as to the validity of the will, not one other of the nineteen devisees, though their interests depended on the same question with regard to the will, could be heard for his interest.
Mr. Bellenden Ker is admitted to have a direct interest in the competition of brieves, but with regard to the peerage he has no such interest. And I hold it to be quite clear, that, according to all the rules that prevail in this House, unless he has an interest in the very thing to be discussed, he has no right to be heard with regard to it.
On his behalf, various cases were cited. (The cases cited were
It is impossible to say that this petitioner had an interest in the dignity; he could not take the peerage in question. If he was admitted upon the point of interest, it is clear that this case proceeded upon a bad principle. But if it proceeded upon a point of discretion, this may have been very properly decided. In claims of peerage you always proceed with deliberation. The question of legitimacy was one in which the House might look for information from a private party, as being more fully within his research, than in that of the Attorney-General or Lord Advocate.
But in every case, this House must exercise a sound discretion, and consider what is fit to be done, otherwise claimants might be put to a ruinous expense. In a Scotch peerage, destined to heirs whatsoever, you might have 1500 petitioners at your Bar, were such discretion not to be exercised.
Lady Essex Ker is in a very different situation. She says she has a better title than the other claimants, by legal inheritance and descent, though she has not brought this forward by petition to his Majesty. I conceive that you are in the constant habit of hearing petitioners for their interest under circumstances similar to those in which she stands.
With regard to Mr. Bellenden Ker, his alleged right to the estates gives him no interest in the dignity. It is quite clear that he is not to be admitted as matter of right.
That brings it to the question, if, in sound discretion, he ought to be heard. And, in deciding upon this, I must call your attention also to the present shape of this business; the question referred by the House to the committee is, If the titles and dignities did pass by the charter 1646, and deed 1648, to the persons described in a certain clause of the deed 1648? Whether they did so pass or not is a question in which he has no interest; he claims the estate under a different deed.
Upon this question, we shall have the assistance of the Attorney-General and Lord Advocate.
On the whole, I shall move that it be our instructions to the committee that Mr. Bellenden Ker is not entitled to be heard, but that Lady Essex Ker is entitled to be heard before the Committee.”
This was ordered accordingly.
Two points then remained to be argued in the competition for the estates and honours. Whether under the words “Richt to the said estate,” in the deed of tailzie, nomination, and designation, executed by Robert Earl of Roxburgho in 1648, the titles and dignities of Earl of Roxburghe were conveyed? 2d. What was in law the true intent and meaning of the following clause in the same deed, “And qlkes all failing be deceis, or be not observing of the provisions, restrictions, and conditions above wr'n, the richt of the said estait shall perteine and belang to the eldest dochter of the said unql Hary Lord Ker without divisioun and yr airis maill, she always mareing or being maried to ane gentleman,” &c., and who were the persons in law to be considered as described by the word “the eldest dochter of the said Hary Lord Ker, without divisioun, and yr airis maill.”
On the 18th June 1810, the Lords' Committees for Privileges, after hearing counsel for several days, came to special resolutions on both these points as follows:—
On the first they resolved,
Journals of the House of Lords.
“That under the words ‘richt to the said estait,’ the titles and dignities of Earl of Roxburghe are conveyed; provided Robert Earl of Roxburghe was in due form of law qualified to make the nomination contained in the charter or deed 1648; or provided every disqualification was subsequently legally removed, so as to give effect to the nomination therein made?”
On the second point they resolved,
Journals of the House of Lords.
“That the words, “the eldest dochter of the said Hary Lord Ker, without divisioun,” are to be understood to describe the several daughters of Hary Lord Ker seriatim in their order; and that the words ‘yr airismaill,” are to be understood as describing the heirsmale of their respective bodies lawfully begotten. The Committee are therefore of opinion, that, in case there are no heirs-male of the body of Lady Jane Ker, the eldest daughter, nor of Lady Anne Ker, the second daughter, the heir-male of the body of Lady Margaret Ker, the third daughter, is to be preferred to the heir-male of Lady Jane Ker, and to the heir of line, or heir-female of Hary Lord Ker.”
A decision to a similar effect was come to at same time by the House of Lords, in the question relative to the landed estates.
Since then the claimant has been served, retoured, and
In further prosecuting his claim to the dignities and honours, the claimant gave in evidence, the patent of the Dukedom granted to John, the fifth Earl of Roxburghe, in 1707, founding upon the following parts thereof:—
“Anna, Dei gratia, &c. Noveritis igitur nos fecisse, constituisse, creasse, et inaugurasse, sicuti nos tenore præsentium facimus, constituemus, creamus, et inauguramus, eundem Joannem comitem de Roxburghe Ducem de Roxburgh, Marchionem de Beaumont et Cessford, Comitem de Kelso, Vicecomitem de Broxmouth et Dominum Ker de Cessford et Caverton, dando, concedendo, et conferendo sicuti nos per præsentes damus concedimus et conferimus in dictum Joannem Comitem de Roxburgh ejusq. hæredes musculos de suo corpore quibus deficientibus alios hæredes suos titulo et dignitati Comitis de Roxburgh per priora diplomata prædecessoribus dicti Joannis Comitis de Roxburgh eatenus facta et concessa succedere destinatis dictum titulum honorem ordinem gradum et dignitatem Ducis,”
&c. Apud aulam nostram de Kensington 25 die. mensis Aprilis anno Domini 1707,” &c.
It only remains for the claimant, in terms of the resolutions of the Lords' Committees for Privileges above quoted, to show:—
1. That there are no heirs-male of the body of Lady Jane Ker, the eldest daughter of Hary Lord Ker.
2. That there are no heirs-male of the body of Lady Anne Ker, his second daughter.
And, 3d. That the claimant is the heir-male of the body of Lady Margaret Ker, his third daughter.
(Here the case went into a detail of each of those heads.)
Under the third head, Sir James Norcliffe Innes Ker proved that his great grandfather, Sir James Innes, Knight, eldest son of Sir Robert Innes of Innes, married Lady Margaret Ker, third daughter of Hary Lord Ker, and that he was heir-male of the body of his great grandmother, Lady Margaret Ker.
Sir James did not offer any remark upon the claim to the Barony of Roxburghe and Cavertoun; and seemed rather to stand on his own rights to the titles and dignity of Earl of Roxburghe and Dukedom.
Sir Samuel Romilly, Ar, Cullen.
(Before the Lords' Committees for Privileges).
Case of the Lady Essex Ker,
Claiming the Titles, Honours, and Dignities of the Duchess and Countess of Roxburghe, Marchioness of Beaumont and Cessfurd, Countess of Kelso, Viscountess of Broxmouth, Baroness Ker of Cessfurd and Cavertoun, and Baroness Roxburghe.
Sir Robert Ker of Cessfurd, who was born in the year and died in the year 1650, was first raised to the dignity of a Baron, or Lord of Parliament in Scotland, by the title of Lord Roxburghe; but in what year, or by what form of creation, the claimant, with all the diligence which she has employed in the search, has not been able precisely to ascertain.
In the Rolls of Parliament of Scotland which are preserved in the General Register House at Edinburgh, it appears that Lord Roxburghe is entered by that title as present in the year 1604. He is also marked as present among the peers and lords of parliament in the years 1607 and 1612.
No patent or charter has been found creating this barony of Roxburghe in the person of Sir Robert Ker; although it is strongly to be presumed, if the dignity had been granted to him by an instrument of that description, that it would have been preserved carefully with the other title-deeds of the family.
It is known, however, to your Lordships that, besides the form of creation by patent or charter, another mode of creating dignities of peerage was established in the laws of Scotland by summons and investiture in parliament, a form of granting the dignity of the peerage much more ancient in the constitution of that realm than that by patent, and which, though it became less frequent than the latter in the grant of the higher dignities, was still not wholly disused in the time of Sir Robert Ker, when the first step in the peerage was conferred.
The claimant is humbly to maintain before your Lordships, that as no patent appears, which would doubtless have been preserved if it ever existed, the title of Lord Roxburghe is to be held as having been conferred upon Sir Robert Ker by investiture in parliament; and she will then further
Further, she claimed right to the title of Earl of Roxburghe, because Lord Roxburghe was raised to the title of Earl of Roxburghe and Lord Ker of Cessfurd and Caverton, by patent bearing date 18th Sept. 1616. The limitation in this patent being “ sibi suisque heredibus masculis.”
She further deduced her title to the dignities in the same manner as it has been seen she did with reference to the estates, as follows:
1st, That the whole descendants in the male line of the body of the said Robert, first Earl of Roxburghe, and likewise of the bodies of Sir William Drummond and Lady Jean Ker, the eldest daughter of Hary Lord Ker, have failed; and also that all the younger sons of John Lord Fleming, and the heirs male of their bodies called by the deed of nomination 1648 have failed.
2d, That the claimant is eldest lawful daughter of Robert, second Duke of Roxburghe, and consequently she is clearly eldest female heir by descent and primogeniture of Hary Lord Ker; and hence she humbly presumes she has right to the honours of the Dukedom of Roxburghe.
And also, in the same character, she claims, and humbly hopes your Lordships will find her entitled to the dignity of Lady Ker of Roxburghe and Caverton.
The Lords' Committees for Privileges, after hearing counsel for several days,
Journals of the House of Lords.
“Resolved and adjudged, That none of the persons claiming the Barony of Roxburghe have established any title thereto, it being the opinion of this House that as the said dignity might have been granted by letters patent to the grantee, and a series of heirs not so comprehensive as to carry the said dignity to such heirs as the claimants respectively represent themselves to be, it ought, according to law, to be presumed that the same was not granted to such heirs; and it appears to this House that the said dignity has not been in fact assumed or enjoyed since the death of Robert, Baron of Roxburghe, without heirs male of his body begotten by any heir or heirs of the said Robert Baron Roxburghe.”
Resolved and adjudged, That Sir James Norcliffe Innes, Bart., hath made out his claim to the titles, honours, and dignities, of Duke and Earl of Roxburghe mentioned in his petition.
Counsel: For Lady Essex Ker, J. Henry Mackenzie, Alex. Maconochie, Henry Brougham, Fra. Horner.