(1753) 1 Paton 538
REPORTS OF CASES ON APPEAL FROM SCOTLAND.
House of Lords
Subject_Entail. — Forfeiture.—
Held that the appellant was not entitled to claim his brother's forfeited estate, he not being an heir-substitute, but an heir-male, of the marriage under the investitures. And that the deed he founded on not containing prohibitory, irritant, and resolutive clauses, nor recorded, could not support his claim.
Sir Lawrence Mercer of Lethindy was attainted for high treason in 1746, and the estate forfeited to the Crown.
The appellant, his brother, made his claim to the estate in terms of the vesting act, on the ground that the attainder could not affect him, or bar his rights as substitute, under the investitures of the estate.
April 20, 1722.
The investitures stood thus:—Their father, Sir Lawrence, the elder, by contract of marriage entered into by him and his wife, became bound to resign his lands and his estate of Lethindy in favour of himself and the heirs male to be procreated betwixt him and his said wife, and the heirs of their bodies, &c., which failing, to his other heirs of tailzie and provision specified in a writ to be granted.
May 24, 1722.
Jan. 26, 1725.
In implement of this obligation, and of this date, he executed a deed of entail containing a destination “in favour of himself and the heirs male or female of the second marriage,” the eldest heir female always succeeding without division, whom failing, the issue male, and failing them, the issue female of Jean Mercer, his own eldest daughter of his first marriage,
The appellant, Charles Mercer, on his elder brother's attainder, pleaded, that, by the last mentioned deed, there was a distinct and independent substitution or limitation over, of the succession to the entailed estate, after failure of his elder brother Lawrence Mercer, and the issue male of his body, to the appellant by name; and as Lawrence died without issue, the estate tail, which was vested in him, devolved by that destination on him as substitute, and therefore the attainder of his brother could not affect the right so conferred. To this it was answered, that, by the act 1685 concerning entails, “It is declared that such tailzie shall only be allowed, in which the irritant and resolutive clauses are insert in the procuratories of resignation, charters, precepts and instruments of sasine;” and the original tailzie
July 1, 1752.
The Court pronounced this interlocutor:—
“Find, that the deed of entail in the year 1725, under which the claimant, Charles Mercer, claims the lands and barony of Lethindy, and others mentioned in the claim, not having been recorded in terms of the Act of Parliament 1685, is therefore void and null, and no claim can be sustained thereon; and therefore dismiss the said claim, and decern.”
Against this interlocutor the present appeal was brought.
Pleaded for the Appellant:—The two deeds of 1722 and 1725 make but one settlement, the latter being only explanatory of the former, and the same lines of heirs to take in both. Although, therefore, there be no prohibitive, irritant, and resolutive clauses in the latter deed, yet, as it is made with reference to the former, the prohibitive, irritant, and resolutive clauses must be held as incorporated therein. And if this result be conceded, it will be found that all the directions of the Act 1685 have been complied with, namely, that the entail contains the usual prohibitive and irritant and resolutive clauses, and that it has been registered as the Act requires. Nor was the varying of the general limitation to Sir Lawrence Mercer, and the heirs male of the marriage in the first deed, to that of conjunct fee in him and his eldest son, Lawrence Mercer, with a substitution over to the appellant, in the second deed, such an alteration as made a second registration necessary. This right of substitution conferred on him by his father,
Pleaded for the Respondent:—By the entail 1722, the estate claimed by the appellant is settled upon Sir Lawrence Mercer, and the heirs male procreate, or to be procreate, between him and Christian Kinloch, his wife, and the heirs of their bodies, with several substitutions over. And Lawrence Mercer, the attainted person, having taken the estate under the limitation to the heirs male of the marriage, he was seized of the estate tail; and that whole estate being by his attainder forfeited to his Majesty, the appellant, who cannot claim as a substitute, because he is not such, but only an heir male of the marriage, is excluded; and the whole estate, therefore, having been vested in Lawrence Mercer as heir male of the marriage, has now been forfeited by his attainder. Besides, the deed on which the appellant founds that he is substitute, is void and null as an entail, because it does not contain irritant and resolutive clauses, nor was it produced judicially before the Lords of Session, nor recorded.
After hearing counsel, it was
Ordered and adjudged, that the said appeal be dismissed, and that the said interlocutors therein complained of be, and the same are hereby, affirmed.
Counsel: For the Appellant,
For the Respondent, Sir D. Ryder, Attorney-General, Wm. Grant, W. Murray, Solicitor-General of England.
Note.—Vide Elchie's Notes, p. 461. The case of Gordon of Park was chiefly relied on by the appellant. Vide p. 508, Craigie and Stewart's Reports.