(1741) 1 Paton 302
REPORTS OF CASES ON APPEAL FROM SCOTLAND.
Subject_Tailzie. — Act 1685, c. 22.—
An entail completed by infeftment, but not recorded in the register of tailzies, is not effectual against the creditors of the heir of entail.
[Elchies, voce Tailzie, No. 13.]
George Viscount Tarbet in 1688 executed an entail of the estate of Cromarty in favour of his second son, Sir Kenneth M'Kenzie, but reserved to himself a right of redemption upon payment of a certain sum. This entail contained all the necessary clauses of a strict entail, and was registered in the register of entails. Resignation followed—a crown charter was expede, and infeftment was taken by Sir Kenneth.
In exercise of the reserved right, Lord Tarbet did, in 1695, redeem the lands according to the
Sir Kenneth continued in possession till his death in 1728, after having contracted large debts. His eldest son, Sir George, obtained possession upon a general service, as heir to his father, and also contracted large debts.
The creditors, (the respondents) who had used diligence upon their debts, then brought an action of sale for payment of their debts. The appellant, Sir Kenneth's second son, and next heir to Sir George, objected to the sale, on the ground that the debts were contracted in manifest contravention of the entail.
The creditors answered, that the former entail of 1688 having been extinguished by the recorded order of redemption, the claim of the creditors, and that of the heir of entail, depend entirely upon the effect of the entail of 1695; and that this entail not having been recorded in the register of tailzies, as required by the act 1685, is ineffectual against onerous creditors.
Upon the report of the Lord Ordinary, the Court found, (17th July, 1740,) ‘that the entail not having been recorded in the register of
Entered November 19, 1740.
The appeal was brought from this interlocutor of the 17th July 1740.
Pleaded for the Appellant:—The judgment proceeds upon so strict an interpretation of the act 1685, as seems inconsistent with the principles of law and justice. Although the entail was not recorded in the register of tailzies, it was recorded in the books of Council and Session, which is a more ancient and a better known register than that appointed by the act of Parliament referred to.
The necessary clauses are also properly published, by being inserted in the charters of resignation and infeftments, and every other requisite has been complied with, except that of the recording in the register of entails, as to which the appellant contends that the statute has not been rightly understood nor justly interpreted:—because, although a register is appointed for entails, yet the act does not declare that the entail shall be ineffectual against creditors if not recorded, which would have been done if this had been intended. This is expressly provided in the case of the omission to insert any of the clauses in the rights of the several successive heirs of entail. The act declares that, in case of such omission, these clauses shall not militate against bona fide creditors; whereas, there is no such provision with regard to the non-registration of the entail.
Pleaded for the Respondent:—Where an entail is not recorded in the register appointed by the act, creditors contract bona fide with the possessors
The statute expressly declares that such entails only shall be allowed, where the original entail is once produced before the Lords of Session judicially, who are thereby ordered to interpose their authority thereto, and where it is recorded in the register book kept for that purpose.
Judgment, 26th Jan. 1741.
After hearing counsel, “it is ordered and adjudged, &c. that the interlocutor complained of be affirmed.”
Counsel: For Appellant,
For Respondent, Ch. Areskine, W. Murray.